Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

an initiative of the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic States of the U.S.

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Auction 37

RGGI Auction 37 was held on Sept. 6, 2017 and monitored by Potomac Economics, an independent monitor of electricity markets retained to evaluate the RGGI CO2 allowance market. Potomac observed the auction and found no material evidence of collusion or manipulation by bidders.

Below are key data and information on the results of the auction. Detailed analysis is available in the Market Monitor Report for Auction 37.

1. Auction Statistics:

Current Control Period Offering

  • Offering: 14,371,585
  • 2017 CCR Allowances Available: 10,000,000
  • Quantity Sold: 14,371,585
  • Clearing Price: $4.35
  • Number of Bidders: 43
  • Ratio of Bids to Initial Supply: 2.7
  • Percent Won by Compliance Entities: 47%
  • Percent Won by Compliance-Oriented Entities: 38%

 

2. Auction Participation:

A total of 50 potential bidders, listed by name in section 4 below, submitted an Intent to Bid in the auction.

The market monitor’s report summarizes auction participation for several categories. For reporting purposes, firms are often broken up into the following distinct categories.

  • Compliance-Oriented Entities – Compliance entities that appear to acquire and hold allowances primarily to satisfy their compliance obligations.
  • Investors with Compliance Obligations – Firms that have compliance obligations but which hold a number of allowances that exceeds their estimated compliance obligations by a margin suggesting they also buy for re-sale or some other investment purpose. These firms often transfer significant quantities of allowances to unaffiliated firms.
  • Investors without Compliance Obligations – Firms without any compliance obligations.

These three categories form the basis for two overlapping groups.

  • Compliance Entities –All firms with compliance obligations, and their affiliates. Combines the first and second of the above categories.
  • Investors – All firms which are assessed to be purchasing for investment rather than compliance purposes. Combines the second and third of the above categories.

In Auction 37, Compliance Entities purchased 47 percent of the allowances sold.

In the first 37 RGGI auctions, Compliance Entities purchased 76 percent of the allowances sold.

In Auction 37, Compliance-Oriented Entities purchased 38 percent of allowances.

54 percent of allowances in circulation will be held by Compliance-Oriented Entities following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 37.

55 percent of allowances in circulation will be held for compliance purposes following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 37. The number of allowances that are believed to be held for compliance purposes includes 100 percent of the allowances held by Compliance-Oriented Entities, and a portion of allowances held by Investors with Compliance Obligations.

 

3. Dispersion of Bids

In the offering of allowances for the current control period, bids were submitted by 27 Compliance-Oriented Entities and 16 Investors.

One Compliance-Oriented Entity and six Investors submitted bids for a large quantity of allowances (i.e., at least 2 million tons). Overall, Compliance-Oriented Entities accounted for 35 percent of the quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted. The quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted was 2.7 times the initial offering of 14,371,585 allowances.

 

4. Potential Bidders

The following 50 potential bidders submitted their intent to bid in the auction.

    • Astoria Energy, LLC
    • BP Products North America
    • Brooklyn Navy Yard Cogen Partners, LP
    • Caithness Long Island, LLC
    • Calpine Energy Services, LP
    • Carbon Lighthouse Association
    • Castleton Commodities Merchant Trading, LP
    • Cayuga Operating Company, LLC
    • City of Dover
    • Consolidated Edison Comp. of NY, Inc.
    • CPV Maryland, LLC
    • Delaware City Refining Company, LLC
    • Direct Energy Business Marketing, LLC
    • Dominion Energy Marketing, Inc.
    • DRW Commodities, LLC
    • DTE Energy Trading, Inc.
    • Element Markets, LLC
    • Exelon Generation Company, LLC
    • GenOn Energy Management, LLC
    • Helix Ravenswood, LLC
    • Indeck-Corinth Limited Partnership
    • Indeck-Yerkes Limited Partnership
    • J-Power USA Development Co., Ltd.
    • Kendall Green Energy, LLC
    • Kleen Energy Systems, LLC
  • KMC Thermo, LLC
  • Koch Supply & Trading, LP
  • Luminus Energy Partners Master Fund, Ltd.
  • Macquarie Energy, LLC
  • Mercuria Energy America, Inc.
  • Morgan Stanley Capital Group, Inc.
  • National Grid Gen. dba National Grid
  • Nautilus Power, LLC
  • NextEra Energy Marketing, LLC
  • NRG Power Marketing, LLC
  • Ocean State Power, LLC
  • Old Dominion Electric Cooperative
  • Power Authority of the State of New York
  • PSEG Energy Resources and Trade, LLC
  • Public Service Company of New Hampshire
  • RBC
  • Rhode Island State Energy Center, LP
  • Selkirk Cogen Partners, LP
  • Shell Energy North America (US), LP
  • Statkraft US, LLC
  • Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant
  • Verso Corporation
  • Village of Freeport
  • Vitol Inc.
  • Wallingford Energy, LLC

Auction 36

RGGI Auction 36 was held on June 7, 2017 and monitored by Potomac Economics, an independent monitor of electricity markets retained to evaluate the RGGI CO2 allowance market. Potomac observed the auction and found no material evidence of collusion or manipulation by bidders.

Below are key data and information on the results of the auction. Detailed analysis is available in the Market Monitor Report for Auction 36.

1. Auction Statistics:

Current Control Period Offering

  • Offering: 14,597,470
  • 2017 CCR Allowances Available: 10,000,000
  • Quantity Sold: 14,597,470
  • Clearing Price: $2.53
  • Number of Bidders: 40
  • Ratio of Bids to Initial Supply:2.1
  • Percent Won by Compliance Entities: 49%
  • Percent Won by Compliance-Oriented Entities: 36%

 

2. Auction Participation:

A total of 48 potential bidders, listed by name in section 4 below, submitted an Intent to Bid in the auction.

The market monitor’s report summarizes auction participation for several categories. For reporting purposes, firms are often broken up into the following distinct categories.

  • Compliance-Oriented Entities – Compliance entities that appear to acquire and hold allowances primarily to satisfy their compliance obligations.
  • Investors with Compliance Obligations – Firms that have compliance obligations but which hold a number of allowances that exceeds their estimated compliance obligations by a margin suggesting they also buy for re-sale or some other investment purpose. These firms often transfer significant quantities of allowances to unaffiliated firms.
  • Investors without Compliance Obligations – Firms without any compliance obligations.

These three categories form the basis for two overlapping groups.

  • Compliance Entities –All firms with compliance obligations, and their affiliates. Combines the first and second of the above categories.
  • Investors – All firms which are assessed to be purchasing for investment rather than compliance purposes. Combines the second and third of the above categories.

In Auction 36, Compliance Entities purchased 49 percent of the allowances sold.

In the first 36 RGGI auctions, Compliance Entities purchased 76 percent of the allowances sold.

In Auction 36, Compliance-Oriented Entities purchased 36 percent of allowances.

53 percent of allowances in circulation will be held by Compliance-Oriented Entities following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 36.

54 percent of allowances in circulation will be held for compliance purposes following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 36. The number of allowances that are believed to be held for compliance purposes includes 100 percent of the allowances held by Compliance-Oriented Entities, and a portion of allowances held by Investors with Compliance Obligations.

 

3. Dispersion of Bids

In the offering of allowances for the current control period, bids were submitted by 26 Compliance-Oriented Entities and 14 Investors.

One Compliance-Oriented Entity and five Investors submitted bids for a large quantity of allowances (i.e., at least 2 million tons). Overall, Compliance-Oriented Entities accounted for 28 percent of the quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted. The quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted was 2.1 times the initial offering of 14,597,470 allowances.

 

4. Potential Bidders

The following 48 potential bidders submitted their intent to bid in the auction.

  • Adirondack Council Inc.
  • Astoria Energy, LLC
  • BP Products North America Inc.
  • Brooklyn Navy Yard Cogen Partners, LP
  • Caithness Long Island, LLC
  • Calpine Energy Services, LP
  • Carbon Lighthouse Association
  • Castleton Commodities Merchant Trading, LP
  • Cayuga Operating Company, LLC
  • City of Dover
  • Consolidated Edison Comp. of NY, Inc.
  • CPV Maryland, LLC
  • Delaware City Refining Company, LLC
  • Delaware Municipal Electric Corp.
  • Dominion Energy Marketing, Inc.
  • DRW Commodities, LLC
  • DTE Energy Trading, Inc.
  • Exelon Generation Company, LLC
  • Fathom Energy, LLC
  • GenOn Energy Management, LLC
  • Hawkeye Energy Greenport
  • Indeck-Corinth Limited Partnership
  • Jamestown Board of Public Utilities
  • J-Power USA Development Co., Ltd.
  • Kendall Green Energy, LLC
  • KMC Thermo, LLC
  • Koch Supply & Trading, LP
  • Luminus Energy Partners Master Fund, Ltd.
  • Macquarie Energy, LLC
  • Massachusetts Water Resources Authority
  • Mercuria Energy America, Inc.
  • Morgan Stanley Capital Group, Inc.
  • National Grid Gen. dba National Grid
  • NextEra Energy Marketing, LLC
  • Noble Americas Gas & Power Corp.
  • NRG Power Marketing, LLC
  • Old Dominion Electric Cooperative
  • Power Authority of the State of New York
  • PSEG Energy Resources & Trade, LLC
  • Public Service Company of New Hampshire
  • RBC
  • Selkirk Cogen Partners, LP
  • Shell Energy North America (US), LP
  • Statkraft US, LLC
  • Verso Corporation
  • Village of Freeport
  • Vitol Inc.
  • Wallingford Energy, LLC

CO2 Auctions, Tracking & Offsets

These pages are a gateway for regulated entities, other market participants, and interested observers to access program information, materials, and data.

CO2 Allowance Auctions: The RGGI States distribute nearly all CO2 allowances through quarterly, regional CO2 allowance auctions. Enter here to access auction participation instructions, bidder qualification materials, previous auction results and the schedule of upcoming auctions.

CO2 Emissions & Allowance Tracking: RGGI COATS is the electronic platform that records and tracks data for each state's CO2 Budget Trading Program. RGGI COATS facilitates participation in the CO2 allowance market and enables the public to view, customize, and download reports of RGGI program data and CO2 allowance market activity.

Market Monitor: The independent market monitor, Potomac Economics, monitors the performance and efficiency of the RGGI CO2 allowance auctions and the secondary CO2 allowance market. The market monitor issues reports immediately following each RGGI CO2 allowance auction and following each quarter on the secondary market.

CO2 Offsets: A CO2 offset represents project-based greenhouse gas emissions reductions or carbon sequestration achieved outside of the capped electricity sector. RGGI States currently allow regulated power plants to use a carefully chosen group of qualifying offsets to meet up to 3.3 percent of their compliance obligations. Learn more here.

 

Auction 35

RGGI Auction 35 was held on March 8, 2017 and monitored by Potomac Economics, an independent monitor of electricity markets retained to evaluate the RGGI CO2 allowance market. Potomac observed the auction and found no material evidence of collusion or manipulation by bidders.

Below are key data and information on the results of the auction. Detailed analysis is available in the Market Monitor Report for Auction 35.

1. Auction Statistics:

Current Control Period Offering

  • Offering: 14,371,300
  • 2017 CCR Allowances Available: 10,000,000
  • Quantity Sold: 14,371,300
  • Clearing Price: $3.00
  • Number of Bidders: 36
  • Ratio of Bids to Initial Supply:2.2
  • Percent Won by Compliance Entities: 47%
  • Percent Won by Compliance-Oriented Entities: 34%

 

2. Auction Participation:

A total of 48 potential bidders, listed by name in section 4 below, submitted an Intent to Bid in the auction.

The market monitor’s report summarizes auction participation for three categories: Compliance Entities and their Affiliates; Compliance-Oriented Entities; and Other Entities. Compliance-Oriented Entities are compliance entities that (in the market monitor's assessment) appear to acquire and hold allowances primarily to satisfy their compliance obligations.

In Auction 35, Compliance Entities and their Affiliates purchased 47 percent of the allowances sold.

In the first 35 RGGI auctions, Compliance Entities and their Affiliates purchased 76 percent of the allowances sold.

In Auction 35, Compliance-Oriented Entities purchased 34 percent of allowances.

54 percent of allowances in circulation will be held by Compliance-Oriented Entities following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 35.

55 percent of allowances in circulation will be held for compliance purposes following the settlement of allowances sold in Auction 35. The number of allowances that are believed to be held for compliance purposes includes 100 percent of the allowances held by Compliance-Oriented Entities, and a portion of allowances held by Other Entities for compliance purposes.

 

3. Dispersion of Bids

In the offering of allowances for the current control period, bids were submitted by 22 Compliance-Oriented Entities and 14 Other Entities.

One Compliance-Oriented Entity and five Other Entities submitted bids for a large quantity of allowances (i.e., at least 2 million tons). Overall, Compliance-Oriented Entities accounted for 34 percent of the quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted. The quantity of allowances for which bids were submitted was 2.2 times the initial offering of 14,371,300 allowances.

 

4. Potential Bidders

The following 48 potential bidders submitted their intent to bid in the auction.

  • Astoria Energy, LLC
  • Berkshire Power Company, LLC
  • Biourja Nehme Commodities, LLC
  • BP Products North America, Inc.
  • Brookfield Energy Marketing LP
  • Brooklyn Navy Yard Cogen Partners, LP
  • Caithness Long Island, LLC
  • Calpine Energy Services, LP
  • Carbon Lighthouse Association
  • Cayuga Operating Company, LLC
  • City of Dover
  • Consolidated Edison Comp. of NY, Inc.
  • Delaware City Refining Company, LLC
  • Direct Energy Business Marketing, LLC
  • Dominion Energy Marketing, Inc.
  • DRW Commodities, LLC
  • DTE Energy Trading, Inc.
  • Exelon Generation Company, LLC
  • GDF Suez Energy Marketing, NA, Inc.
  • GenOn Energy Management, LLC
  • Hawkeye Energy Greenport
  • Indeck-Corinth Limited Partnership
  • Jamestown Board of Public Utilities
  • J-Power USA Development Co., Ltd.
  • Kendall Green Energy, LLC
  • KMC Thermo, LLC
  • Koch Supply and Trading, LP
  • Luminus Energy Partners Master Fund, Ltd.
  • Macquarie Energy, LLC
  • Massachusetts Muni. Wholesale Elec. Co.
  • Maxim Power (USA), Inc.
  • Mercuria Energy America, Inc.
  • Morgan Stanley Capital Group, Inc.
  • National Grid Gen. dba National Grid
  • NextEra Energy Marketing, LLC
  • Noble Americas Gas and Power Corp.
  • NRG Power Marketing, LLC
  • Old Dominion Electric Cooperative
  • Power Authority of the State of New York
  • PSEG Energy Resources and Trade, LLC
  • Public Service Company of New Hampshire
  • RBC
  • Selkirk Cogen Partners, LP
  • Shell Energy North America (US), LP
  • Statkraft Markets GmbH
  • Verso Corporation
  • Village of Freeport
  • Vitol, Inc.

2017 Allowance Distribution

COallowances are issued by each RGGI State in an amount defined in each state's applicable statute and/or regulations. Together, all the CO2 allowances issued by all the RGGI States comprise the RGGI cap.

The RGGI 2017 cap is 84.3 million short tons.

The RGGI 2017 adjusted cap is 62.5 million short tons. This is the number of CO2 allowances allocated by the RGGI states for 2017.

For more details on the distribution of CO2 allowances by state, download the full data here:
PDF ] [ XLS ]

Allowance Prices and Volumes (by Auction)

This chart displays the results of each RGGI CO2 Allowance Auction. To view a state-by-state breakdown for each auction, click on the auction number listed in the left-hand column.

 

Auction Number Offering Quantity Offered Quantity Sold Clearing Price Total Proceeds
Auction 37
09/08/2017
Current 14,371,585 14,371,585 $4.35 $62,516,394.75
Auction 36
06/07/2017
Current 14,597,470 14,597,470 $2.53 $36,931,599.10
Auction 35
03/08/2017
Current 14,371,300 14,371,300 $3.00 $43,113,900.00
Auction 34
12/07/2016
Current 14,791,315 14,791,315 $3.55 $52,509,168.25
Auction 33
09/07/2016
Current 14,911,315 14,911,315 $4.54 $67,697,370.10
Auction 32
06/01/2016
Current 15,089,652 15,089,652 $4.53 $68,356,123.56
Auction 31
03/09/2016
Current 14,838,732 14,838,732 $5.25 $77,903,343.00
Auction 30
12/2/2015
Current 15,374,274 15,374,274 $7.50 $115,307,055.00
Auction 29
9/9/2015
Current 15,374,294 25,374,294 $6.02 $152,753,249.88
10,000,000(CCR)
Auction 28
6/3/2015
Current 15,507,571 15,507,571 $5.50 $85,291,640.50
Auction 27
3/11/2015
Current 15,272,670 15,272,670 $5.41 $82,625,144.70
Auction 26
12/3/2014
Current 18,198,685 18,198,685 $5.21 $94,815,148.85
Auction 25
9/3/2014
Current 17,998,687 17,998,687 $4.88 $87,833,592.56
Auction 24
6/4/2014
Current 18,062,384 18,062,384 $5.02 $90,673,167.68
Auction 23
3/5/2014
Current 18,491,350 23,491,350 $4.00 $93,965,400.00
5,000,000(CCR)
Auction 22
12/4/2013
Current 38,329,378 38,329,378 $3.00 $114,988,134.00
Auction 21
9/4/2013
Current 38,409,043 38,409,043 $2.67 $102,552,144.81
Auction 20
6/5/2013
Current 38,782,076 38,782,076 $3.21 $124,490,463.96
Auction 19
3/13/2013
Current 37,835,405 37,835,405 $2.80 $105,939,134.00
Auction 18
12/5/2012
Current 37,563,083 19,774,000 $1.93 $38,163,820.00
Auction 17
9/5/2012
Current 37,949,558 24,589,000 $1.93 $47,456,770.00
Auction 16
6/6/2012
Current 36,426,008 20,941,000 $1.93 $40,416,130.00
Auction 15
3/14/2012
Current 34,843,858 21,559,000 $1.93 $41,608,870.00
Auction 14
12/07/2011
Current 42,983,482 27,293,000 $1.89 $51,583,770.00
Future 1,864,951 0 --
Auction 13
09/07/2011
Current 42,189,685 7,487,000 $1.89 $14,150,430.00
Future 1,864,951 0 --
Auction 12
06/08/2011
Current 42,034,184 12,537,000 $1.89 $25,477,200.00
Future 1,864,952 943,000 $1.89
Auction 11
03/09/2011
Current 41,995,813 41,995,813 $1.89 $83,425,588.47
Future 2,144,710 2,144,710 $1.89
Auction 10
12/01/2010
Current 43,173,648 24,755,000 $1.86 $48,224,220.00
Future 2,137,991 1,172,000 $1.86
Auction 9
09/10/2010
Current 45,595,968 34,407,000 $1.86 $66,437,340.00
Future 2,137,992 1,312,000 $1.86
Auction 8
6/09/2010
Current 40,685,585 40,685,585 $1.88 $80,465,566.78
Future 2,137,993 2,137,993 $1.86
Auction 7
3/10/2010
Current 40,612,408 40,612,408 $2.07 $87,956,944.56
Future 2,137,992 2,091,000 $1.86
Auction 6
12/2/2009
Current 28,591,698 28,591,698 $2.05 $61,587,120.90
Future 2,172,540 1,599,000 $1.86
Auction 5
9/9/2009
Current 28,408,945 28,408,945 $2.19 $66,278,239.35
Future 2,172,540 2,172,540 $1.87
Auction 4
6/17/2009
Current 30,887,620 30,887,620 $3.23 $104,242,445.00
Future 2,172,540 2,172,540 $2.06
Auction 3
3/18/2009
Current 31,513,765 31,513,765 $3.51 $117,248,629.80
Future 2,175,513 2,175,513 $3.05
Auction 2
12/17/2008
Current 31,505,898 31,505,898 $3.38 $106,489,935.24
Auction 1*
9/25/2008
Current 12,565,387 12,565,387 $3.07 $38,575,738.09

 

*Six states participated in Auction 1

Supply & Bid Statistics (by Auction)

This chart includes data from the market monitor's reports on participation in the current control period offering in each RGGI CO2 Allowance Auction.

Auction Potential Bidders Ratio of Bids to Supply Allowances Won by Compliance Entities and their Affiliates Allowances Won by Compliance-Oriented Entities
Auction 37 50 2.7 47% 38%
Auction 36 48 2.1 49% 36%
Auction 35 48 2.2 47% 34%
Auction 34 48 2.4 71% 40%
Auction 33 50 2.8 61% 42%
Auction 32 56 3.1 93% 64%
Auction 31 57 3.5 67% 59%
Auction 30 57 3.0 80% 23%
Auction 29 55 3.4 74% 51%
2.1 (w/CCR)
Auction 28 53 3.1 68% 47%
Auction 27 50 2.8 100% --
Auction 26 53 2.5 88% --
Auction 25 47 2.5 80% --
Auction 24 51 2.9 55% --
Auction 23 52 3.1 45% --
2.5 (w/CCR)
Auction 22 55 2.7 43% --
Auction 21 52 2.0 53% --
Auction 20 55 2.1 68% --
Auction 19 43 2.2 69% --
Auction 18 34 0.53 100% --
Auction 17 29 0.65 100% --
Auction 16 35 0.57 95% --
Auction 15 34 0.62 99% --
Auction 14 49 0.63 99% --
Auction 13 41 0.18 94% --
Auction 12 47 0.3 91% --
Auction 11 49 1.1 85% --
Auction 10 49 0.57 97% --
Auction 9 56 0.75 92% --
Auction 8 53 1.3 92% --
Auction 7 61 2.3 85% --
Auction 6 74 2.6 65% --
Auction 5 59 2.5 77% --
Auction 4 67 2.6 85% --
Auction 3 63 2.5 78% --
Auction 2 84 3.5 87% --
Auction 1 82 4.1 82% --

 

Cumulative Allowances & Proceeds (by State)

This chart displays cumulative auction results organized by state. To view a complete breakdown by auction and allowance control period for each state, click on the state name listed in the left-hand column.

State

Cumulative Allowances Sold

Cumulative Proceeds

Connecticut 58,724,519 $183,076,930.58
Delaware 31,326,643 $104,540,516.42
Maine 28,383,606 $88,736,259.67
Maryland 185,601,159 $573,274,490.71
Massachusetts 148,301,364 $461,245,413.82
New Hampshire 38,769,295 $123,877,403.64
New York 339,943,107 $1,052,301,313.10
Rhode Island 17,314,784 $58,654,623.13
Vermont 6,788,354 $20,999,430.55
Total for Participating States 855,152,831 $2,666,706,381.62
New Jersey* 48,483,770 $113,344,551.27
Total 903,636,601 $2,780,050,932.89

 

* See New Jersey’s Notice of Withdrawal of Agreement to the RGGI MOU.