Under each RGGI state's CO2 Budget Trading Program, a source (a power plant with at least one unit serving a generator with capacity 25MW* or greater located within the RGGI participating states) is required to possess CO2 allowances equal to their CO2 emissions over a three-year control period.
A CO2 allowance represents a limited authorization to emit one ton of CO2, as issued by a respective State. Each RGGI state's environmental regulatory agency uses RGGI COATS to determine compliance with state CO2 Budget Trading Program regulations, by comparing a source’s covered emissions with the allowances held in their compliance account.
*Please see New York's regulation for its specific applicability criteria.
RGGI is currently in its fifth three-year control period. Three-year control periods have proceeded as follows:
|Three-Year Control Period||Start Date||End Date|
|Fifth Control Period||Jan. 1, 2021||Dec. 31, 2023|
|Fourth Control Period||Jan. 1, 2018||Dec. 31, 2020|
|Third Control Period||Jan. 1, 2015||Dec. 31, 2017|
|Second Control Period||Jan. 1, 2012||Dec. 31, 2014|
|First Control Period||Jan. 1, 2009||Dec. 31, 2011|
The RGGI participating states are Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Virginia. The state of New Jersey participated in the first control period and resumed its participation in 2020. Virginia initiated its participation in 2021 and Pennsylvania in 2022.
Compliance is evaluated at the end of each three-year control period. Starting in the third control period, the RGGI states have also conducted interim control period compliance, which requires each CO2 budget source to hold allowances equal to 50 percent of their emissions during each interim control period (the first two calendar years of each three-year control period).
To learn more about the fifth control period CO2 budget source compliance process, please see the documents below. An informational compliance webinar will be scheduled and materials will be posted below.
RGGI COATS provides public reports of compliance data.
|Fifth Control Period Compliance Documents||Format||Updated|
|Fifth Control Period Compliance Webinar Presentation||09.14.23|
|Fifth Control Period Compliance Checklist||04.28.23|
|Fifth Control Period Compliance Fact Sheet||04.28.23|
|Fifth Control Period Compliance FAQ||04.28.23|